Assignment 13

Read pages 232 to 246 and answer the following questions:

1. What is Singer's response to those who claim he is demanding so much generosity that the giver and their
own community would be reduced to poverty?

2. In the middle of page 235, Singer makes reference to a famous idea in ethics, John Rawls' veil of ignorance.
What is your opinion of this principle as a guide to ethical ideas and decisions?

3. What is Singer's response to the suggestion that if we help those in extreme poverty now, they will simply
produce higher populations which will live in even worse poverty?

4. Suppose there are other cultures in the world which find the use of contraception morally wrong or religiously
unacceptable.  Do such cultures have a right to hold these views even if they lead to painfully impoverished 
conditions for thousands?

5. What are the ethical obligations of a United States citizen in influencing the amount of aid given by the federal
government to fight global poverty?  What obligations exist regarding the patronization of businesses which do or do
not engage in fair trade practices?

6. Suppose, upon graduating from college, your first employment produces a net income of $40,000.  The basic necessities
(food, clothing, shelter) cost you $30,000.  What is a reasonable amount to give to anti-poverty charities and why?

7. Suppose, after twenty years of employment, your annual net income has risen to $120,000.  The basic necessities for
you and your family cost $70,000.  What is a reasonable amount to give to anti-poverty charities and why?