Read pages 16 to the top of 32 and answer the following questions:
1. At face value, the principle of, "treat all others equally" seems like the right way to behave. But what
aspects of ourselves and our relationships with other people make it difficult to follow?
2. Do these difficulties excuse our reluctance to follow the "treat all others equally" rule, or should we overcome
this reluctance and force ourselves to actually follow it?
3. Suppose the United States government raises 2.5 trillion dollars in tax revenue and this money is to be spent
on the population of 315 million.
(a) How would the money be spent if all citizens were treated equally?
(b) How does this answer change if marginal utility is taken into account?
4. In what ways is a flat-tax equal? In what ways is it unequal?
5. Suppose you are placed in charge of expenditures for the high school. What would be an argument for:
(a) Spending the same amount of money on all students
(b) Spending more than average on weaker students
(c) Spending more than average on stronger students
6. Why does Singer seem unfazed by the prospect of researchers discovering genetic differences between races?