Assignment 3

Read pages 32 to 54 and answer the following questions:

1. Suppose researchers accumulate substantial evidence that females are, on average, better than males at skill-set-X.
What are Singer's arguments against someone saying to a young boy, "Don't bother with X, it's better to leave
that to women who are simply better at it"?

2. Suppose the majority of high-power positions being held by males is, in part, due to their innate, on average, 
higher levels of aggression.  Does this justify the imbalance or should steps be taken to redress the imbalance?

3. In your own view, how far should a society push (in terms of social pressures or government legislation) for "equal
opportunity"?  What kinds of measures would this entail?

4. Why is Singer skeptical of the possibility of truly "equal opportunity"?

5. Beyond emigration, what problems might one expect to arise in a Marxist society?

6. What is your opinion of the idea of rewarding people for effort rather than ability?  What benefits might this have?  
What difficulties would it raise?

7. Suppose we agree on a somewhat progressive tax system where wealth is redistributed from the very wealthy to the very
poor.  What are some reasonable guidelines for how far this redistribution should be taken?

8. What is the argument in favor of affirmative action?  You can use Singer's points as well as your own.

9. What is the argument against affirmative action?  You can use Singer's points as well as your own.

10. Which of these two arguments do you find more convincing?

11. As a preface to the fourth assignment, answer this question before reading it: How should the rights of animals
be treated relative to the rights of humans?