Read pages 68 to 82 and answer the following questions:
1. Singer refers to one justification for eating animals as a naturalistic fallacy, believing that something
is acceptable because it is natural. What is another example of such a fallacy not mentioned in the reading?
2. In your own opinion, should self-consciousness be considered as a factor in the rights given to certain
beings (animals, mentally disabled people, artificial intelligence programs)? Why or why not?
3. What are Singer's arguments against drawing a distinct line between humans and all other animals? Do you
find these arguments convincing or are there counterpoints which can be raised?
4. What problems arise when one attempts to base ethical obligations upon the principle of reciprocity?
5. As a preface to the next assignment, answer the following before completing that reading: Under what conditions
is it acceptable to take the life of an animal? What about another human being?